He is known for bringing an army of soldiers and elephants over the Pyrenees Mountains and the Alps into northern Italy, which at first was successful in fighting against Rome. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. What was the Roman Empire? Rome was a republic before it became an empire — it was governed in a different way, and had rulers that were elected through votes. The Roman Empire began in 27 BC , and after that one emperor would rule it until he died.
The first emperor was Caesar Augustus. Rome had a mix of very good emperors, like Augustus, and very bad emperors, like Nero. It was a time of great prosperity for the Romans. The Romans had already won a lot of land through battles when it was a Republic, some of which led by Julius Caesar. Roman armies were known for being excellent in battle — they used their weapons well, they worked well as a team, and they nearly always defeated their enemies.
The Romans invaded Britain and started ruling it in 43 AD. When the Romans were in Britain, they based themselves in London, which they called Londinium. The Romans left Britain in AD because the armies were needed to defend other parts of the Empire. The Anglo-Saxons were the next group to rule England. The Roman Empire lasted for a long time after this. It had already split into two parts in AD, with the Western Empire ending in and the Eastern Empire being overthrown in The Roman Republic was founded.
The Gallic Wars took place. Julius Caesar invaded Britain twice. Julius Caesar was killed. Britain was invaded again, and this time the Romans stayed. Mount Vesuvius erupted, covering Pompeii and Herculaneum in ash. The battle of Mons Graupius took place in northern Scotland. The Roman Empire was split into two parts — East and West. The Romans left Britain, ending their rule. The Western Empire was conquered. The Eastern Empire was conquered. In the Roman Empire, coins were more than just money — they were ways for the emperor to tell about the great things they did or wanted people to think they did.
Coins could be minted that showed pictures of them with their name or other words and symbols on it. The Romans invaded Britain in 43 AD. The first time he had to leave because his ships were getting ruined in a storm, and the second time he had to turn around and go back to Gaul. You can still see the wall today. When the Romans got to England, they got to work straight away building roads and forts so they could transport soldiers around the country.
They also built things that they would have used if they were still in Italy, like bath houses and villas. Britain was just a very small part of the Roman Empire. Roman armies were very well trained and organised. They were hard to beat, which helped the Roman Empire expand so quickly and conquer more lands. Roman soldiers had to be at least 20 years old when they joined the army, and they had to stay in the army for 25 years. After that, they were rewarded well with some money or land that they could farm.
Can you find the following images in the gallery below? This is how Roman armies were divided up and organised: Bath houses were used by everyone to take a bath, have a massage and chat to friends. The Romans used different letters to represent numbers — we call these Roman numerals, and we still use them sometimes today. The Romans had quite a story to explain how the city began. They said that the god Mars or Hercules had twin boys named Romulus and Remus , but that these boys were raised by a mummy wolf.
They ended up fighting so badly that Romulus killed Remus, which meant that only Romulus went on to rule the city, which he named Rome which sounds a bit like Romulus. Rome was built near the Tiber River , which is the third longest river in Italy.
A toga was a long piece of cloth that men would wrap around themselves. Underneath the toga, people just wore plain tunics. The numbers that Romans used look very different from the numbers we use.
It gets more complicated after that — V stands for 5, and the number 4 in Roman numerals is IV. This means 5 minus 1, which equals 4. The way we set up our calendar is like the calendar that the Romans used. Julius Caesar made a calendar based on days in a year, and days in leap years. The Romans spoke a language called Latin. While nobody speaks Latin anymore, lots of languages we speak today are at least partly based on Latin words — even English!
The Romans all went to the same place to take baths — these were called bath houses. They would be decorated in pretty mosaics, and have hot and cold water so people could wash properly.
People could get a massage there if they wanted, play sports, and even stay a while to chat with friends. In 79 AD, a volcano called Mount Vesuvius erupted in one of the most famous explosions in history. The ash that came out of the volcano buried two cities — Pompeii and Herculaneum. There were three main groups of people in Rome called orders — the plebeians plebs , equestrians and patricians. You had to own a certain amount of property to become an equestrian.
Make some Roman food by watching step-by-step videos and then having a go yourself: Watch an interactive animation of the Colosseum The Circus Maximus Roman numerals Pompeii and Mount Vesuvius Legacy of the Roman in Britain Romans in Scotland Find out what the Romans did for us and how their way of life influences the way we live today All about chariot races See a Roman dining room and cook some Ancient Roman recipes Examine a Roman mosaic Read a who's who of Roman gods and godesses Find out about health and food in Roman times.
See the spas of the ancient world — visit real Roman baths! The Museum of London has exhibits about the time when Britain was a part of Rome, and when the Romans lived in London. Walk around a Roman villa.
See a reconstruction of a Roman bedroom.
Even today, evidence of the Romans being here, can be seen in the ruins of Roman buildings, forts, roads, and baths can be found all over Britain. The Romans invaded other countries too. The Roman Empire covered much of Europe, north Africa, and the Middle East.
Search form. Primary Homework Help The Romans. Roman life and numbers. The Roman army was made up of groups of soldiers business plan writer gumtree legions. There were over 5, soldiers in .
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